12-1
12 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
12 SETTING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION
The velocity of light through air is not constant and depends on the atmospheric temperature and
pressure. The atmospheric correction system of this instrument corrects automatically when the
correction value is set. 15°C/59°F, and 1013.25hPa / 760mmHg / 29.9 inHg is as a standard value for
0ppm in this instrument. The values are kept in the memory even after power is OFF.
12.1 Calculation of Atmospheric Correction
The followings are the correction formulas. Unit; meter
The distance L (m) after atmospheric correction is obtained as follow.
L = l (1+Ka) l :Measured distance when atmospheric
correction is not set.
Example : In case Temperature +20°C, Air pressure 847hPa, l =1000 m
+ 50×10-6 (50 ppm)
L = 1000 (1+50×10-6) = 1000.050 m
12.2 Setting of Atmospheric Correction Value
zHow to Set Temperature and Pressure Value Directly
Measure the temperature and air pressure surrounding the instrument beforehand.
Example : Temperature: +26°C, Pressure:1017 hPa
Operating procedure Operation Display
1Press the [F4] key to get the soft key page 2 in the
distance measurement mode or page 3 in the
coordinate measurement.
[F4]
2Press the [F3](S/A) key to set Set Audio Mode
from distance or coordinate measurement mode. [F3]
3Press the [F3](T-P) key. [F3]
4Input Temperature value and Pressure value.*1)
Mode returns to Set Audio mode. Enter Temp.
Enter Pres.
*1) Refer to Section 2.6 “How to Enter Alphanumeric characters”.
zRange : Temp. –30 to +60°C (0.1°C step) or –22 to +140°F (0.1°F step)
Pres. 560 to 1066.0hPa (0.1hPa step) ,420 to 800mmHg (0.1mmHg step) or
16.5 to 31.5inHg (0.1inHg step)
Ka: Atmospheric correction value
P : Ambient atmospheric pressure (hPa)
t : Ambient Atmospheric temperature (°C)
Ka 279.85 79.585 P×
273.15 t+
----------------------------–
⎩⎭
⎨⎬
⎧⎫
10 6
×=
Ka 279.85 79.585 847×
273.15 20+
----------------------------------
⎩⎭
⎨⎬
⎧⎫
10 6
×=
HR: 120°30'40"
HD* 123.456 m
VD: 5.678 m
MEAS MODE NP/P P1
OFSET S.O S/A P2
PSM:0.0 PPM 0.0
NPM:0.0
SIGNAL:[IIIII]
PRISM PPM T-P –––
TEMP. & PRES. SET
TEMP. = 15.0 °C
PRES. : 1013.2 hPa
--- --- [CLR] [ENT]
TEMP. & PRES. SET
TEMP. : 26.0 °C
PRES. : 1017.0 hPa
INPUT ––– ––– ENTER