8.2.3 Transferring
Rotate the front casters forward to
enhance stability.
Place the wheelchair as close to your
transfer location as possible. Engage wheel
locks. Position yourself as far back as
possible when transferring weight to reduce
risk of tipping forward. If you have good
upper body strength, balance and agility, you may be able to
perform transfers independently.
Rotate or remove footrests if at all possible as to avoid putting
weight on them. If possible, make use of a transfer board.
Always ask a healthcare provider to learn safe transfer
DO NOT sit or transfer into the wheelchair unless it is
fully open and the seat frame rails are fully seated into
the receivers.
DO NOT use the footplate as a platform when getting
in or out of the wheelchair or to reach for an object.
8.2.4 Getting Dressed
When dressing or undressing on the wheelchair, rotate the front
casters forward and lock anti-tippers in the lower position.
If your wheelchair is not equipped with anti-tippers, back it
against a wall and lock the rear wheels.
8.2.5 Reaching/Leaning/Bending
The balance point may shift when you are putting on
clothes and/or reaching for objects while sitting in the
If at all possible, use a reaching device
or ask for assistance when reaching for
Move the wheelchair as close as possible
to the required object. Rotate the casters
as far forward as possible from the rear
Never reach for objects between your
legs, but rather position yourself to the side
of these objects. Do no shift your weight
sideways, but rather rise up from the seat
or move forward in the seat. Always use
both hands and grab the opposite side
wheel or armrest if you are capable of
reaching sideways. Never reach to the rear of the wheelchair
unless it is equipped with anti-tippers Never reach for objects
over the seat back: reach only as far as your arm naturally
extends without moving on the seat.
Do not lock the rear wheels if you are reaching backwards.
Avoid putting pressure on the footrests.
8.2.6 Moving backwards
Lock anti-tippers in lower position. Move slowly: the wheelchair
is designed to provide you with more stability when moving
forward. Look around as often as possible to avoid obstacles
in your path.
8.2.7 Ramps, Slopes & Side Hills
Do not ride hills with an elevation slope of more
than 10% (one foot elevation change for every
10 feet). Try to move straight up or down the
slope. Avoid turning on a downhill slope.
Stay in the center of sidewalks and ensure
that there is enough space for the wheels.
Avoid stopping on slopes and never use the
wheel locks to slow yourself on a downhill slope. Maintain your
speed by holding the hand rims.
Do not ride on wet or slippery surfaces. Be
cautious for changes in terrain height or stairs
at the end of a slope (front casters may lock
from simply hitting a small bump).
Ask for help should any situations arise.
Incline yourself while moving down a slope as
to adjust your center of gravity.
8.2.8 Obstacles
Always look for obstacles or road hazards (potholes, broken
surfaces, etc.). Clear your own environment (work, home)
of any obstacles. Never use objects (furniture, ramps, and
doorknobs) to push yourself out of the wheelchair.
Lean your upper body slightly forward as you move up an
obstacle. Do the reverse while moving down an obstacle. Keep
both hands on the hand rims while passing over the obstacle.
8.2.9 Curbs and Steps
Curbs and steps are extremely dangerous obstacles.
NEVER attempt to go up or down a single curb or step
without an assistant unless you are a very skilled rider
of your chair. You need to have previously learned to
safely do a wheelie in your chair and you are sure you
have the strength and balance to control your chair
during any such maneuver.
ALWAYS unlock and rotate anti-tippers up and out of
the way so they do not prevent you from executing this
NEVER attempt to climb or descend a curb or step
more than 4” high.
ALWAYS go straight up or down a curb or step. NEVER
climb or descend at an angle.
ALWAYS be aware that the impact of dropping down
from a curb or step can damage your chair or cause
components to become loose. If you perform such
maneuvers, inspect your chair more frequently.
ALWAYS Rotate and lock the anti-tippers back to ride
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